Fact: Do you know that 80 percent of the microbial infections in our body are initiated by bacterial growth in form of plaque? We have always thought that unicellular organisms have no social life! They actually team up, and form collective network called Biofilms. Their structure is much elaborated which enables them to get the nutrients in and the waste out. They are densely packed and can secret toxins. The complex and diverse architecture of biofilms has led to this idea that they are cooperative groups. They cause a number of chronic infections and diseases. The most well-known and studied biofilm bacteria is on teeth and gum, which leads to periodontal disease. Hundreds of microbial plaque colonize in the human mouth, causing tooth decay and gum disease. Plaque is a biofilm on the surfaces of the teeth. The accumulation of microorganisms establishes biofilm that exposes the teeth and gingival tissues to high concentrations of bacterial metabolites, which results in dental disease.
What happens if the plaque is not removed?
Failing to remove plaque can lead to tooth decay, gum disease, and eventually to more serious health issues. Plaque that is allowed to remain on teeth can harden into a destructive substance called tartar around the gum line. You can not remove the tartar by brushing; it must be cleaned by your dentist or dental hygienist. The bacteria in plaque and tartar can cause inflammation of the gums, known as gingivitis. This form of gum disease can deteriorate into a more serious condition called periodontitis, which causes bone loss, and if it is left untreated, can lead to teeth loss.
When was the last time you had a dental cleaning?
A professional cleaning by your dentist or hygienist is very important. This simple procedure should be part of your oral health care regimen to prevent teeth decay (cavities), and gum disease. The cleaning or dental prophylaxis needs to be done regularly.
For more information about dental Plaque, please visit the patient education section of our website:
Also you can watch videos on our website: https://fresnosmilemakeovers.com/dental-videos/
Click on dental videos and find the gum health section.
Fresno Smile Makeovers, Sam Namdarian DMD